CBG vs CBD: Difference and Potential Benefits

CBG (Cannabigerol) and CBD (Cannabidiol) are two distinct chemical compounds naturally occurring in the cannabis plant. They are members of a diverse group of compounds called cannabinoids, which play a pivotal role in interacting with the endocannabinoid system within the human body. The two may help treat certain inflammatory diseases.

The question of whether CBG (Cannabigerol) or CBD (Cannabidiol) is "better" depends on various factors, including individual preferences, specific health needs, and the desired therapeutic effects. Neither CBG nor CBD is definitively superior to the other; instead, they each have unique properties and potential benefits. We have compared both for you.

What exactly are they?

CBG

Cannabis plants contain many cannabinoids, including CBG. It's often referred to as the "mother" or "stem cell" cannabinoid because it serves as a precursor (or forefather) to other cannabinoids like THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), CBD, and CBC (cannabichromene) during the growth of the cannabis plant.

Though CBG is usually found in lower concentrations than CBD and THC in cannabis strains, its therapeutic properties have been gaining attention. The non-psychoactive effects of CBD are not associated with THC.

It is believed that CBG has anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and anti-anxiety effects, among other benefits. As our understanding of cannabinoids continues to evolve, CBG remains a subject of growing interest in natural wellness and medicine.

CBD

CBD is a crucial non-psychoactive cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant. Its potential therapeutic benefits are comparable to THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) but without its intoxicating high.

CBD has gathered severe attention in the past few years for its wide-ranging budding health benefits. It interacts with the human body's endocannabinoid system (neuro system), which plays a role in managing various physiological processes. As a result, CBD is being studied for its anti-inflammatory, analgesic (pain-relieving), anti-anxiety, and anti-seizure properties, among others.

It is available in various forms, including CBD oils, tinctures, capsules, edibles, topicals, and more, making it accessible to diverse users. CBD's versatility and potential wellness applications have made it a subject of ongoing research and a focal point in the natural health and wellness industry.

How Do CBG and CBD Differ?

CBG and CBD share a similar molecular composition, yet their distinct molecular structures yield varying effects on the body.

The primary contrast between CBD and CBG lies in the extent of research surrounding their actions and applications. CBD has undergone extensive investigation compared to CBG. Dr. Sexton notes that most CBG studies are conducted on animals or involve a limited number of human participants. Consequently, the potential benefits of CBG need more substantial research support.

Despite their commonalities, CBD and CBG exhibit disparities. Both are non-psychoactive compounds and possess anti-inflammatory properties. However, due to their differing molecular structures, they produce subtly divergent effects, as experts suggest.

Preliminary studies suggest that CBG stimulates appetite, while CBD has appetite-suppressing properties. Nevertheless, further research is imperative to validate these findings.

Potential Benefits of Both

CBD and CBG have potential benefits, but more research is needed to understand their therapeutic effects fully. Here's what each of these compounds could do:

Potential Benefits of CBG:

  • Enhance appetite: CBG may stimulate appetite, helping those with appetite loss caused by medical conditions or treatments.
  • Pain Management: Regarding pain management, CBG may exhibit potential analgesic properties.
  • Anti-Inflammatory: CBG has anti-inflammatory properties like CBD, so it may help soothe inflammation-related conditions.
  • Neuroprotection: Several preliminary studies suggest that CBG may have neuroprotective properties, potentially protecting nerve cells from deterioration or damage.
  • Glaucoma Support: Early research suggests CBG's potential in managing intraocular pressure, which is relevant for conditions like glaucoma.

Potential Benefits of CBD:

  • Anxiety and Stress Reduction: CBD has been proven to reduce anxiety and relieve stress, making it a viable option for people with anxiety.
  • Pain Control: CBD can help regulate pain, including chronic conditions like arthritis and neuropathic pain.
  • Anti-Seizure Properties: CBD-based medication Epidiolex has been approved to treat specific types of epilepsy, showing CBD's potential to help.
  • Anti-Inflammatory: CBD is recognized for its anti-inflammatory attributes, offering potential benefits for various inflammatory conditions.
  • Improved Sleep: Some individuals report enhanced sleep quality when using CBD, although further investigation is needed to understand the underlying mechanisms.
  • Neuroprotection: CBD shows promise in safeguarding nerve cells and may have applications in conditions like Parkinson's and Alzheimer's disease.
  • Anti-Nausea: CBD may contribute to alleviating nausea and vomiting, particularly in individuals undergoing chemotherapy or experiencing motion sickness.

Research and anecdotal reports suggest these potential benefits, but clinical trials are necessary to establish their efficacy and safety. It is essential to consult a healthcare professional before using CBG or CBD for therapeutic purposes.


Best Way to Store CBD and CBG

Ensuring the proper storage of CBD and CBG products is crucial to preserve their effectiveness and quality over time. Here are some guidelines for effectively storing CBD and CBG:

  • CBD and CBG are sensitive to both light and heat. Opt for an excellent, dark storage space that shields your products from direct sunlight and excessive heat. A pantry or cupboard is often an ideal choice.
  • Fluctuating temperatures can degrade CBD and CBG products. Strive to maintain a steady storage temperature, preferably within the range of 60-70°F (15-25°C).
  • Your CBD and CBG products should be tightly sealed to prevent oxidation and degradation.
  • When available, use containers crafted from amber or other dark-colored glass. These can offer additional protection against light exposure.
  • Although not always necessary, some individuals refrigerate their CBD and CBG products to extend their shelf life. If you choose to do this, use airtight containers to prevent moisture from infiltrating.
  • Always follow any specific storage instructions indicated on the product label or packaging. Certain products may have unique storage requirements.
  • Ensure that your CBD and CBG products are stored out of reach of children and pets. Many of these products are intended for adults and can be harmful if ingested by young children or animals.
  • Be vigilant about monitoring the expiration date on your CBD and CBG products. Over time, these compounds can degrade, diminishing their efficacy.
  • High humidity levels can foster mold and bacteria growth in your products. Avoid moisture accumulation by storing them dry.
  • Avoid storing CBD and CBG products in the bathroom, as this area's fluctuating humidity and temperature levels can negatively impact their quality.

Please remember that the ideal storage conditions may vary depending on the specific type of CBD or CBG product you possess, whether it's oils, tinctures, edibles, or topicals. 

Always refer to the cbd product packaging or the manufacturer's recommendations for the most accurate storage instructions. Keeping CBD and CBG products safe and effective requires proper storage.